Welcome to the wonderful world of Science. This website has an excellent collection of links to science related information. Listed under a wide range of categories it portrays the breadth and depth of scientific achievements that mankind have accomplished through firm commitment and systematic work . This collection will provide you with good knowledge about various fields and real world applications of science.
While we acknowledge the contribution of a large number of people/ communities for scientific development, we at Splendid Science wish to applaud two communities for their unmatched commitment .
1. Scientists & Innovators
2. Science Teachers
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"Science knows no country, because knowledge belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world"
Mathematics and science are inseparable subjects. Almost every scientific phenomenon is explained through mathematics. Good grasp of mathematics is a must to understand and enjoy good science. Mathematics is essential in natural science, engineering, medicine, finance, and the social sciences. Mathematics and Science were bonded together very early in the history.
Physics deals with the structure of matter, its motion and the interactions between the element entities and their universe. It encompasses the behaviour of objects under the action of given forces, the nature and origin of gravitational, electromagnetic, and nuclear force fields. Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its motion, and behavior through space and time, and that studies the related entities ,
Chemistry is the branch of science that involves elements and compounds composed of atoms, molecules and ions: their composition, structure, properties, behaviour and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other substances. Chemistry is also called the central science because it provides foundation for understanding both basic and applied scientific disciplines. It is concerned with the properties of atoms and the their laws .
Biology is the natural science that studies life and organisms, their physical structure, chemical process, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution. Biology considers the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as the basic unit of heredity, and evolution as the engine that propels the creation and extinction of species. In biology the behaviour about living things are Cell Theory, Energy, Heredity, and Equilibrium & Evolution.
"To raise new questions, new possibilities, to regard old problems from a new angle, requires creative imagination and marks real advance in science "
Aviation is air transport. Travel by air has always fascinated human beings and has now developed into a mainstream mode of travel. After initial inventions and trial run, the aircraft industry was focused on developing military related equipment. That has all has changed now and commercial aircraft is being developed with higher capacity and safety. As computer power and capability improved aircraft these days have become highly sophisticated and fast traversing long distances in continuous flight. Aviation began in the 18th century with the development of the hot air balloon, then came the glided flight, the powered airplane by Wright Brothers, Jet Technology et all.
Agriculture is the cultivation and breeding of animals, plants and fungi for food, fiber, biofuel, medicinal plants and other products used to sustain and enhance human life. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of civilization. The history of agriculture dates back thousands of years, and its development has been driven and defined by greatly different climates, cultures, and technologies. Industrial agriculture based on large-scale monoculture farming has become the dominant agricultural methodology.
Animals are organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia. With a few exceptions, animals are mobile and they reproduce sexually. Animals can be divided broadly into vertebrates and invertebrates. Vertebrates—fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals—have a backbone or spine (vertebral column), and amount to less than five percent of all described animal species. Invertebrates are arthropods, mollusks, roundworms, ringed worms, flatworms etc. Over 66 thousand vertebrate and over 1.3 million invertebrate species currently exist . In size animals are outdone on land by plants. Animals represent three-quarters or more of the species on earth.
Astronomy is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena. It applies mathematics, physics, and chemistry, in an effort to explain the origin of those objects and phenomena and their evolution. The study planets, moons, stars, galaxies, comets, supernova explosions, gamma ray bursts, and cosmic microwave background radiation. Astronomical phenomena that originate outside Earth's atmosphere are within the purview of astronomy. The early civilizations in recorded history, such as the Babylonians, Greeks, Indians, Egyptians, Nubians, Iranians, Chinese etc performed methodical observations of the night sky and planetary movements.
"Science is a beautiful gift to humanity; we should not distort it."
-A P J Abdul Kalam
Botany is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist or plant scientist is a scientist who specializes in this field.. Botany has also included the study of fungi and algae by mycologists and phycologists respectively, with the study of these two groups of organisms remaining within the sphere of interest of the International Botanical Congress. Botany originated in prehistory as herbalism with the efforts of early humans to identify – and later cultivate – edible, medicinal and poisonous plants, making it one of the oldest branches of science. The principles of botany have provided the base for such applied sciences as agriculture, horticulture, and forestry.
Birds are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton. Birds live worldwide and range in size from the small bee hummingbird to the big ostrich. They can walk on land, swim in water and fly in air - the only living being who can do all three. They are classified as tetrapods. Birds are found everywhere on earth with varied shape, size and habits. Migratory birds travel hundreds of kilometers to their places of stay. Birds in the southern continents migrated to other parts of the world while diversifying during periods of global cooling.
Biodiversity refers to the variety and variability of life on Earth. United Nations Environment Programme talks biodiversity as typical measures of variation at the genetic, the species, and the ecosystem level. Terrestrial biodiversity tends to be greater near the equator, which seems to be the result of the warm climate and high primary productivity. Biodiversity is not distributed evenly on Earth, and is richest in the tropics. Tropical forests are known for its abundance in biodiversity. These tropical forest ecosystems cover less than 10 per cent of earth's surface, and contain about 90 percent of the world's species. There are latitudinal gradients in species diversity. Biodiversity generally tends to cluster in hotspots, and has been increasing through time.
Biomedical engineering is the application of engineering principles and design concepts to medicine and biology for healthcare purposes (e.g. diagnostic or therapeutic). This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine, combining the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical biological sciences to advance health care treatment, including diagnosis, monitoring, and therapy. Biomedical engineering has only recently emerged as its own study, as compared to many other engineering fields. Prominent biomedical engineering applications include the development of biocompatible prostheses, various diagnostic and therapeutic medical devices ranging from clinical equipment to micro-implants, common imaging equipment such as MRIs and EKGs, regenerative tissue growth, pharmaceutical drugs and therapeutic biologicals.
Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or as Un describes it is "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" .Depending on the tools and applications, it often overlaps with the (related) fields of bioengineering, biomedical engineering, biomanufacturing, molecular engineering, etc.For thousands of years, humankind has used biotechnology in agriculture, food production, and medicine. In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, biotechnology has expanded to include new and diverse sciences such as genomics, recombinant gene techniques, applied immunology, and development of pharmaceutical therapies and diagnostic tests. Modern usage also includes genetic engineering as well as cell and tissue culture technologies.
“I seem to have been only like a boy playing on the seashore, and diverting myself in now and then finding a smoother pebble or a prettier shell than ordinary, whilst the great ocean of truth lay all undiscovered before me.”
- Sir Isaac Newton
Chemical engineering is a branch of engineering that encompass applied chemistry subjects with technological applications. A chemical engineer designs large-scale processes that convert chemicals, raw materials, living cells, microorganisms and energy into useful forms and products.Chemical engineers are involved in many aspects of plant design and operation, including safety and hazard assessments, process design and analysis, control engineering, chemical reaction engineering, construction specification and operating instructions. Chemical engineering emerged upon the development of unit operations, a fundamental concept of the discipline of chemical engineering. Developments in chemical engineering include petrochemical industry, biochemical engineering finding application in the pharmaceutical industry resulting in mass production of various antibiotics, progress in polymer science paved way for the plastics
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings.Civil engineering is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.Engineering has been an aspect of life since the beginnings of human existence as seen in ancient Egypt, the Indus Valley Civilization, and Mesopotamia (ancient Iraq).
Data Science is data-driven science, an interdisciplinary field about scientific methods, processes, and systems to extract knowledge or insights from data in various forms, either structured or unstructured, similar to data mining. Data science is a "concept to unify statistics, data analysis and their related methods" in order to "understand and analyze actual phenomena" with data. It employs techniques and theories drawn from many fields within the broad areas of mathematics, statistics, information science, and computer science, in particular from the sub domains of machine learning, classification, cluster analysis, data mining, databases, and visualization. Data scientists are now one of the most sought out professionals.
Earth Science talks about the fields of science related to the planet Earth. It is the branch of science dealing with the physical constitution of the earth and its atmosphere. Earth science is the study of our planet’s physical characteristics, from earthquakes to raindrops, and floods to fossils. Earth science can be considered to be a branch of planetary science, but with a much older history. Earth science encompasses four main branches of study - the lithosphere, the hydrosphere, the atmosphere, and the biosphere.Earth science affects our everyday lives through study and report by Meteorologists - Weather , Hydrologists - Water , Seismologists - Earthquakes ,Geologists- Rocks .
"The science of today is the technology of tomorrow. "
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Educational methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, but learners may also educate themselves. Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy. Education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten, primary school, secondary school and then college, university, or apprenticeship.
Energy is the ability to do work. It can be converted in form, but not created or destroyed. The SI unit of energy is the joule, which is the energy transferred to an object by the work of moving it a distance of 1 metre against a force of 1 newton.Common forms of energy are the kinetic energy of a moving object, the potential energy stored by an object's position in a force field (gravitational, electric or magnetic), the elastic energy stored by stretching solid objects, the chemical energy, the radiant energy carried by light, and the thermal energy .Mass and energy are closely related. Humans have used various energy resources to function which include fossil fuels, nuclear fuel, renewable energy etc.
Electronics is the study of control the flow of electrons dealing with circuits made up of components that control the flow of electricity. Electronics deals with electrical circuits that involve active electrical components (such as vacuum tubes, transistors, diodes, integrated circuits, optoelectronics, and sensors), associated passive electrical components, and interconnection technologies. Electronic devices contain circuitry consisting primarily or exclusively of active semiconductors supplemented with passive elements; such a circuit is described as an electronic circuit.The science of electronics is considered to be a branch of physics and electrical engineering. Electronics is widely used in information processing, telecommunication, and signal processing. Invention of Vacuum tubes in the early 20th Century revolutionized the applications of electricity and electronics took center stage through Radio and other devices followed.
Electrical engineering is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism. A lot of development took place in this field in the later half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electric power distribution and use. Subsequently, broadcasting and recording media made electronics part of daily life. The invention of the transistor, and later the integrated circuit, brought down the cost of electronics to the point they can be used in almost any household object.Electrical engineering has now subdivided into a wide range of subfields including electronics, digital computer, computer engineering, power engineering, telecommunications, control systems, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing, instrumentation, and microelectronics.
Environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally, meaning in this case not artificial. The term is most often applied to the Earth or some parts of Earth. This environment encompasses the interaction of all living species, climate, weather, and natural resources that affect human survival and economic activity. Complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive civilized human intervention, including all vegetation, microorganisms, soil, rocks, atmosphere, and natural phenomena that occur within their boundaries and their nature. Universal natural resources and physical phenomena that lack clear-cut boundaries, such as air, water, and climate, as well as energy, radiation, electric charge, and magnetism, not originating from civilized human activity all form part of environment.
"Science is a way of thinking much more than it is a body of knowledge"
- Carl Sagan
Food Science is the applied science devoted to the study of food. Read More
Insects are the largest group of hexapod invertebrates within the arthropod phylum. Read More
Horticulture is the science and art of growing (plants) -fruits, vegetables, flowers, and any other cultivar. Read More
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.Read More
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